Light Sensor Demo

Light it up

Making the Light Sensor

Tiny by Jack Halten Fahnestock is Open source.
Code by Mandy Michael available on Codepen

The purpose of this example is to demonstrate how Variable Fonts can react and change based on input from web browser apis and sensors like the Ambient light sensor.

Please note as of 11th June 2019 this demo has very limited support, please refer to Can I Use for up to date support information.

The HTML

Before getting into the nitty gritty I highly recommend you read the Getting Started page, which covers the basics of using variable fonts.

First up we create our HTML element, I'm using a h1, but it can be whatever semantic text element you need.

<h1>Light it up</h1>

The Initial CSS Setup

With our HTML all set up and ready to go we can start to set up the visual effect.

Firstly I am using a font called Tiny by Jack Halten Fahnestock. Tiny is an Open Source font and is available to Download from Velvetyne Type Foundry. You can use whatever variable font you like. I chose this font because I thought it fit nicely with the effect for demo purposes.

Let's get started setting up the base CSS!

h1 {
--axis: 20; // CSS Custom Property for modifying the axis

font-family: 'TINY';
font-weight: var(--axis);
}

Importantly I have set up a CSS Custom Property called --axis with a default value of 20 (which is the lowest value of the weight axis of Tiny). This will become important later as it will allow us to update the value of our axis using JavaScript. As we are using the wght axis for this effect we can make use of the font-weight property instead of font-variation-settings (You should always use the mapped CSS properties when they are available).

Accessing the Sensor data

In order to access the Ambient Light Sensor we will make use of a little bit of JavaScript and a JavaScript function that I created called "Fluid Axis Variation Events" which you can find on Github or in the JS panel on the Codepen example.

Initially we need to set up a few bits of information about the axis we want to affect and the event we want to use (in this case the Ambient Sensor API).

const minAxisValue = 20;
const maxAxisValue = 300;

const minEventValue = 0;
const maxEventValue = 1000;

Firstly we need to know what our minimum and maximum axis value will be. The Axis value determines the lowest value and highest value you want to use on the Variable Fonts Axis, in this case I'm using the full range that Tiny has to offer which is 20 - 300, but you can choose any value along the axis.

Secondly we need to define the minimum and maximum event value. This will allow you to set a start and end point to cap the range. This is important because if we try to use the full range for some events, like sensors, or viewport width the effect's impact is often lost. In this demo, the event value comes from the sensor.illuminance reading. I have opted to start at 0 and capped it at 1000.

Next we can setup the the Ambient Light Sensor!

if ( 'AmbientLightSensor' in window ) {
const sensor = new AmbientLightSensor();
sensor.onreading = () => {
fluidAxisVariation(minAxisValue, maxAxisValue, minEventValue, maxEventValue, sensor.illuminance, "--axis", element);
};
sensor.onerror = (event) => {
console.log(event.error.name, event.error.message);
};
sensor.start();
}

First we check to see if we have access to the Ambient Light Sensor, and create a new instance.

Using our newly created sensor we can start to get sensor readings with the sensor.onreading event handler. The reading frequency is decided by you, you can pass an optional value to the sensor's constructor which will specify the number of readings per second.

Inside the function we can use the fluidAxisVariation function I mentioned earlier, you can read up about how it works on the Getting Started.

For this demo we'll pass in our minimum and maximum event and minimum and maximum axis values, the sensor.illuminance value, the name of our CSS Custom Property we defined in our CSS earlier and finally the element.

Passing the values in manually it would look something like the following code:

fluidAxisVariation(20, 300, 0, 1000, sensor.illuminance, "--axis", document.getElementById("demoText"));

Finally we tell the sensor to start with the sensor.start() method.

You can also add in some error checking in case something goes wrong, as per my example. I find this useful for debugging.

Some additional styling

We can then add some additional styles (below) to finish off the effect and create a bit of a "blur" that allows the colours to blob together as the weight increases. The text-shadow below will create an outline around the text in white and then implement a soft blur.

h1 {
--axis: 0; // CSS Custom Property for modifying the axis

font-family: 'TINY';
font-weight: var(--axis);

text-shadow: -1px -1px 0 rgba(#fff, .4), 1px -1px 0 rgba(#fff, .4), -1px 1px 0 rgba(#fff, .4), 1px 1px 0 rgba(#fff, .4), 0 -2px 8px, 0 0 2px, 0 0 5px #ff7e00, 0 0 15px #ff4444, 0 0 2px #ff7e00, 0 2px 3px #000;

// General design
color: #fefefe;
font-size: 200px;
margin: 0;
text-transform: uppercase;
position: relative;
}

You can checkout the full code and styles on Codepen, however, because of the iframes the Ambient Light Sensor does not work inside the Codepen editor so to see it working you need to view it in debug mode. (Also remember you need to enable flags in the browser to test this).

Have fun and enjoy!

Mandy Michael